Posts Tagged ‘Civil Law / Common Law’

Csaba VARGA: Codification as a Socio-Historical Phenomenon (1991/2011)

October 25, 2010 Leave a comment

Codification as a Socio-historical Phenomenon [1991] 2nd {reprint} ed. with an Annex & Postscript (Budapest: Szent István Társulat 2011) viii + 431



II. EARLY FORMS OF CODIFICATION: ANTIQUITY   1. Reform of Customs and their Recording in Early Antiquity, 2. Compilation of Laws by Later Codes, 3. General Features of Ancient Codification, 4. Conclusion

III. EARLY FORMS OF CODIFICATION: THE MIDDLE AGES   1. Codes of the Mediaeval Empires, 2. Codifications of Feudal Division, 3. Experiments in Sbustituting Customary Law by Statutory Law in the Age of Centralization, 4. General Features of Mediaeval Codification, 5. Conclusion

IV. CODIFICATION TRENDS IN THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENED ABSOLUTISM   1. Emergence of the Concept of Codification Qualitatively Reshaping the Law, 2. Partial Codifications in France, 3. Successful Codifications Unifying the Law [a) Codification of Bureacratic Patronage in Prussia, b) Systematic Codification in Austria], 4. Consolidation of Law as a Substitute for Codification in Russia, 5. Conclusion

V. CLASSICAL TYPE OF CODIFICATION: CONTINENTAL CODES IN THE SERVICE OF BOURGEOIS TRANSFORMATION   1. Inadequacy of Codification under Enlightened Abolutism, 2. The French Revolution and the Evolution of the Classical Type of Codification [a) Pre-Revolutionary Roots, b) Formation of the Code civil], 3. Late Bourgeois Codes [a) Codification of the Aborted Revolution in Germany, b) The Law-Unifying Code of Monopoly Capitalism in Switzerland], 4. The Consummation of Continental Codification, 5. The Non-Recurrent Nature of Bourgeois Codification, 6. Conclusion

VI. ATTEMPTS AT CODIFICATION: COMMON LAW SYSTEMS   1. Early English Development, 2. The Development of Codification in 19th-Century England, 3. Unifying Codification in British India, 4. Codification and British Law Export to the Colonies, 5. Primitivized Law Adaptation in the American Colonies, 6. Codes as a Means of Founding a New State, 7. Special Aspects of Codification in Common Law Systems, 8. Stubstitutes for Codification in Common Law Development, 9. Conclusion

VII. STRIVING FOR CODIFICATION: AFRO–ASIAN SYSTEMS   1. The Complexity of Afro–Asian Legal Development, 2. Codification of Islamic Law, 3. Codification as a Means of Substituting Tribal Costums, 4. Codification in the Modernized Afro–Asian Societies, 5. Conclusion

VIII. NEW AMBITIONS IN CODIFICATION: SOCIALIST LAW   1. The Soviet-Russian Experience, 2. Re-Codification Attempts in the Soviet Union, 3. Codification in the Satellite Countries, 4. Re-Codification in Socialist Law, 5. Conclusion


IX. POSSIBILITY OF A GENERAL CONCEPT OF CODIFICATION   1. Unity of the Historical Manifestations of the Codification Phenomenon, 2. The Concept of Codification Development, 3. The Concept of Codification

X. RATIONALIZATION AS THE MOTIVE FORCE BEHIND CODIFICATION DEVELOPMENT   1. Rationality and Social Development, 2. Rationalization of Law in the History of Codification, 3. Utopias of Rationality in the Development of the Idea of Codification

XI. TYPES OF CODIFICATION IN CODIFICATION DEVELOPMENT   1. Functional Types of Codification, 2. Codification as a Quantitative and as a Qualitative Treatment of the Law, 3. The Common Core of Codification Phenomenon





CODIFICATION ON THE THRESHOLD OF THE THIRD MILLENNIUM [2002]   I. Codification Now   1. With Ethos Changed, 2. Undermined by Disappointment   II. Structural and Functional Perspectives   3. Systemicity as the Core Element, 4. Challenge by the European Union, 5. The Issue of Convergence   III. Historical Revision   6. Reconsidering Early Past, 7. Reconsidering Late Modernity, 8. Transubstantiation of the Code-based Function   IV. Postscript   9. With a Methodological Conclusion, 10. Arriving at a Crossroads Again

Csaba VARGA: Transition to Rule of Law; On the Democratic Transformation in Hungary (1995)

October 24, 2010 Leave a comment

‘On Vitality in the Region’ [1995]

NO-LAW   ‘On Stalinism’ [1995] / ‘Past & Present’ [1985] / ‘Attempts at Reform from Within (La séparation des pouvoirs)’ [1984] / ‘What is Needed to have Law?’ [1989] / ‘Marxism in Service’ [1993]

TRANSITION   ‘The sui generis Nature of the Challenge’ [1993] / ‘Trumbling Steps of the New Constitutional State’ [1992]

SKIRMISHES AND THE GAME’S RULE   ‘Crime, not Civil Disobedience’ [1990] / ‘Fragility of the Constitutional Establishment’ [1990] / ‘Troubles Surrounding the Functions of Law’ [1991] / ‘Indivisibility of the Law & Rule of Law’ [1991] / ‘Civil Disobedience (Pattern with no Standard?)’ [1991]

COMING TO TERMS WITH THE PAST   ‘On Setting Standards’ [1990] / ‘Do we have the Right to Judge the Past?’ [1991] / ‘The Dilemma of Enforcing the Law’ [1992] / ‘Failure on Account of Constitutional Considerations?’ [1994]

RULE OF LAW   ‘Varieties of Law & Rule of Law’ [1993]