Archive for the ‘Philosophy of Law’ Category

Csaba VARGA: Theory of Law (2012)

December 18, 2013 Leave a comment

A collection of papers relating Theory of Law originally published between 1973 and 2009 ON PHILOSOPHiSING AND THEORISING IN LAW treating topics like ‘Legal Philosophy, Legal Theory – and the Future of Theoretical Legal Thought’ [2006] / ‘Legal Ontology’ [1999] / ‘Law and History: On the Historical Approach to Law’ [1999] / ‘Law as History?’ [1986] / ‘Validity’ [1999] / ‘Ex post facto Legislation’ [1999], ON CONCEPTUALISING BY LOGIFYING THE LAW involving topics like ‘Rule and/or Norm: On the Conceptualisability and Logifiability of Law’ [2003] / ‘Legal Logic and the Internal Contradiction of Law’ [2004] / ‘The Quest for Formalism in Law: Ideals of Systemicity and Axiomatisability between Utopianism and Heuristic Assertion’ [1973] / ‘Law and its Doctrinal Study (On Legal Dogmatics)’ [2006], ON FORMS AND SUBSTANCE IN LAW dealing with problems such as ‘Structures in Legal Systems: Artificiality, Relativity, and Interdependency of Structuring Elements in a Practical (Hermeneutical) Context’ [2001] / ‘Goals and Means in Law’ [2003] / ‘Law, Ethics, Economy: Independent Paths or Shared Ways?’ [2004] / ‘Towards an Autonomous Legal Policy’ [1984], as well as ON PROCESSES OF LAW facing with ‘The Judicial Black-box and the Rule of Law in the Context of European Unification and Globalisation’ [2008] / ‘Doctrine and Technique in Law’ [2002] / ‘Theory and Practice in Law: On the Magical Role of Legal Technique’ [2006] / ‘Law, Understanding of Law, Application of Law (A Summary of Developments in Thirty-six Paragraphs)’ [2007], with a paper in APPENDIX on ‘Legal Theorising: An Unrecognised Need for Practicing the European Law’ [2009]


Felix SOMLÓ: Schriften zur Rechtsphilosophie, hrsg. Csaba Varga (1999)

December 24, 2012 Leave a comment

Felix Somló Schriften zur Rechtsphilosophie hrsg. Csaba Varga (Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó 1999) xx + 114 [Philosophiae Iuris: Excerpta Historica Philosophiae Hungaricae] {ISBN 963-05-7661-9 / ISSN 1218-0610}


Preface vii–ix / Bódog Somló xi–xii / Curriculum Vitae [with Literature on & References to Somló xiii–xv / Bibliography xvi–xx

SCHRIFTEN   ‘Die neuere ungarische Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie’ [Archiv für Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie I (1907–1908), 315–323] 3–10 / ‘Das Problem der Rechtsphilosophie’ [in Verhandlungen des III. Internationalen Kongresses für Philosophie (Heidelberg: Carl Winter 1908), 1054–1059] 11–15 / ‘Sammlung orientalischer Rechtsquellen’ [Archiv für Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie II (1908–1909), 328–330] 16–18 / ‘Joseph Mazzarella: Les types sociaux et le droit’ [Monatschrift für Soziologie I (1909 Januar), 137–145] 19–25 / ‘Massstäbe zur Bewertung des Rechts ’ [Archiv für Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie III (1909–1910), 508–522 & [Diskussionsbeitrag] 589–591] 26–40 / ‘Ein deutsches Institut für Rechtsphilosophie und Soziologische Forschung? Eine Enquete’ [Archiv für Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie IV (1910–1911), 215–220 [& (Berlin & Leipzig 1911), 26–31] 41–43 / ‘Die Anwendung des Rechts’ [Grünhuts Zeitschrift für das Privat- und öffentliche Recht der Gegenwart XXXVIII (1911), 55–74 & Sonderdruck (Wien: Alfred Holder 1911)] 44–58 / ‘Das Verhältnis von Soziologie und Rechtsphilosophie, insbesondere die Förderung der Rechtsphilosophie durch die Soziologie’ [Archiv für Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie IV (1911) 4, 563–569] 59–64 / ‘Hans Kelsen: Grenzen zwischen juristischer und soziologischer Methode’ [Archiv für Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie V (1911–1912), 644–645] 65–66 / ‘Rechtsbegriff und Rechtsidee’ [Archiv für Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie VIII (1914–1915), 525–528] 67–70

ANHANG: LITERATUR   Joseph Kohler ‘Felix Somló: Juristische Grundlehre’ [Archiv für Rechts- und Wirtschaftsphilosophie 11 (1917–1918), 284–288] 73–76 / Leonidas Pitamic ‘Eine »Juristische Grundlehre«’ [Österreichische Zeitschrift für öffentliches Recht III (1918) 6, 734–757] 77–96 / Redslob ‘Felix Somló: Juristische Grundlehre’ [Archiv des öffentlichen Rechtes XXXVII (1918) 4, 485–188] 97–101 / Julius Moor ‘Vorwort des Herausgebers’ [in Felix Somló Gedanken zu einer ersten Philosophie hrsg. Julius Moór (Berlin & Leipzig: Walter de Gruyter 1926), 3–14] 102–110 / Julius Moor ‘Vorwort zur zweiten Auflage’ [in Felix Somló Juristische Grundlehre Zweite, unveränderte Auflage (Leipzig: Felix Meiner 1927), vii–ix] 111–112

Namenregister / Quellenverzeichnis 113–

Csaba VARGA: The Place of Law in Lukács’ World Concept (1985/2012)

March 13, 2012 Leave a comment

The Place of Law in Lukács’ World Concept [1985] 3rd [reprint] ed. with Postface (Budapest: Szent István Társulat 2012) 218

Introduction: Lukács and the Problems of Law

Part One   Preliminary Skirmishes with the Questions of Law

Chapter 1   Encounters of the Young Lukács with Law   1.1 Legal Studies, 1.2 Friendship with Felix Somló, 1.3 Relationship with Gustav Radbruch

Chapter 2   Glorification of Consciousness in History and Class Consciousness   2.1 The Search for a Way Opposed to Institutions: Law as Force and as Consciousness, 2.2 Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat and its Dramatized Legal Conception, 2.3 Messianism as the Core of Lukács’ Preconception

Chapter 3   Provisional Summaries and Question Marks   3.1 Ruthlessness and its Trap in The Destruction of Reason, 3.2 Allusions to a Synthesis in The Specificity of the Aesthetic

Part Two   The Ontology: a Copernican Revolution

Chapter 4   The Ontological Approach as a Methodological Possibility of Transcending Socialist Normativism   4.1 The Genesis and Methodological Significance of the Ontology   4.2 Socialist Legal Thinking (4.2.1 The Revolutionary Period, 4.2.2 The Roots and Manifestations of Socialist Normativism, 4.2.3 The Need for Progress), 4.3 The Making of an Ontological Approach to Law

Chapter 5   The Ontological Concept of Law   5.1 Law as a Complex of Mediation (5.1.1 Complex of Complexes, 5.1.2 Complexes or Social Relationships, 5.1.3 The Interaction of Complexes: Mediation, 5.2 Law as Objectification and as Actual Functioning (5.2.1 The Genesis of Law and the Dialectics of the Use of Coercion, 5.2.2 Positive Law and Natural Law, 5.2.3 The Inner Contradiction of Law, 5.2.4 Legal Superstructure), 5.3 Is Law a Reflection of Reality? (5.3.1 Teleology and Causality, 5.3.2 Reflection of Reality and the Question of Incongruence, 5.3.3 The Nature of Juridical Concepts, 5.3.4 Validity as a Distinctive Quality of Law), 5.4 Law in Action: Formal Legality versus Social Optimum (5.4.1 Components of Law-Observance, 5.4.2 Law and Logic: Subsumption and Manipulation, 5.4.3 “Jurist’s World View” and the Ideology of the Legal Profession)

Chapter 6   The Ontological Approach as a Horizon in the General Renewal of Marxism

Appendix   “Thing” and Reification in Law   A.1 “Thing” or Reification in Marxist Philosophy?, A.2 Concepts of “Thing” as Fictions in the Law, A.3 Objectification, Reification and Alienation as Qualities of the Existence of Law (A.3.1 Objectification, A.3.2 Reification, A.3.3 Alienation), A.4 Conclusions

Postscript   The Contemporaneity of Lukács’ Ideas with Modern Social Theoretical Thought (The Ontology of Social Being in Social Science Reconstructions – with Regards to Constructs like Law)   P.1 Ontologies and The Ontology of Social Being, P.2 Some Key Terms of Lukács’ Ontology, P.3 The Ontology of Social Being as Applied to Law, P.4 Gattungswesen and Alienation

Csaba VARGA: Paradigms of Legal Thinking (1999/2012)

March 12, 2012 Leave a comment

The Paradigms of Legal Thinking [1999] enlarged 2nd ed. (Budapest: Szent István Társulat 2012) 418 [Philosophiae Iuris]


2. METHODOLOGICAL DIRECTIONS IN THINKING (2.1. The example of legal development [2.1.1. Classical Greek antiquity, 2.1.2. Roman legal development { The dikaion-period, Praetorian law. Justinian’s codification]}, 2.1.3. Enlightened absolutism, 2.1.4. The codificational ideal of the Code civil, 2.1.5. Turning point in the way of thinking], 2.2. The example of geometry [2.2.1. Euclidean geometry, 2.2.2. Challenge by Bolyai and Lobachevsky, 2.2.3. Einstein’s revolution], 2.3. The example of thinking [2.3.1. Autonomy { New Testament argumentation, Cicero’s testimony, Saint Augustine, The Talmudic lesson, Orthodox Christianity, Modern “irrationalism”, Beyond conceptual strait-jackets, Patterns of thought, patterns of law}, 2.3.2. Heteronomy { Saint Thomas Aquinas, Grotius, Leibniz}, 2.3.3. The dilemma of the evolution of thought)


4. PARADIGMS OF THINKING (4.1. The paradigm of paradigms [4.1.1. Conventionality, 4.1.2. Cultural dependence, 4.1.3. The nature of paradigms], 4.2. The basic notions of “fact”, “concept”, “logic”, and “thinking” [4.2.1. The need for a change of paradigms, 4.2.2. The false alternative of objectivism and subjectivism, 4.2.3. What are facts?, 4.2.4. What are notions?], 4.3. Dilemmas of conceptualising the norm)

5. DILEMMAS OF MEANING (5.1. Theories of meaning [5.1.1. Lexicality, 5.1.2. Contextuality, 5.1.3. Hermeneutics, 5.1.4. Open texture, 5.1.5. Deconstructionism], 5.2. Social construction of meaning [5.2.1. Speech-acts, 5.2.2. Social institutionalisation], 5.3. Autopoiesis and systemic response)

6. PARADIGMS OF LEGAL THINKING (6.1. The nature of law [6.1.1. Law as process, 6.1.2. Multifactorality, 6.1.3. Law as made up from acts], 6.2. The nature of legal thinking)


Appendix I. LAW AND ITS APPROACH AS A SYSTEM (I.1. The logical structure of law as a historical product, I.2. Tendencies of formal rationalization in legal development)

Appendix II. IS LAW A SYSTEM OF ENACTMENTS? (II.1. Working models of law, II.2. Senses of contextuality in law, II.3. Jurisprudential approach and socio-ontological approach, II.4. Conclusions [II.4.1. Law as historical continuum, II.4.2. Law as open system, II.4.3. Law as complex phenomenon with alternative strategies, II.4.4. Law as an irreversible process, II.4.5. The genuinely societal character of law])

Appendix III. INSTITUTIONS AS SYSTEMS (III.1. A logic of systems, III.2. Ideal types and historically concrete manifestations, III.3. Ideal type as a normative ideology, III.4. Objectivity and contingency of systems, III.5. Limits and bonds, consequentiality and practicability of a system)

Appendix IV. LEGAL TECHNIQUE (IV.1. Legal technique {IV.1.1. [In a broader sense], IV.1.2. [In legal practice], IV.1.3. [In legal scholarship], IV.1.4. [Law as a special technique]}, IV.2. On legal technique {IV.2.1. Definition and function, IV.2.2. Legal technique and legal cultures, IV.2.3. Postulates of legal technique in the cultures of modern formal law})

Appendix V. THE INHERENT AMBIVALENCE OF A RATIONAL APPROACH (Is the human fullness of being to be destroyed as a price of progress?)

Aus dem Nachlass von Julius MOÓR (hrsg. Csaba Varga, 1995)

January 2, 2011 Leave a comment

Aus dem Nachlaß von Julius MOÓR Gyula hagyatékából (Budapest: ELTE “Comparative Legal Cultures” Project 1995) xv + 158 [Philosophiae Iuris]

Fac simile of documents [mostly letters & dedications] from & to Felix Somló (1873–1918) & Julius Moór (1888–1950), including Hans Kelsen’s Selbstbiographie [February 1927] & Ilmar Tammelo’s only surviving copy of his thesis in his own translation on Kritik zu Prof. Kliimann’s normativistischer Unterscheidung des Privat- und des öffentlichen Rechts [Dorpat, 1942]

Julius MOÓR: Schriften zur Rechtsphilosophie (hrsg. Csaba Varga, 2006)

January 2, 2011 Leave a comment

Julius Moór Schriften zur Rechtsphilosophie (Budapest: Szent István Társulat 2006) xxii + 485 [Philosophiae Iuris: Excerpta Historica Philosophiae Hungaricae Iuris / Bibliotheca Iuridica: Opera Classica 3]

seventeen papers published in German, two in Italian and one in French as reprinted fac simile:  ‘Macht, Recht, Moral: Ein Beitrag zur Bestimmung des Rechtsbegriffes’ [1922] / ‘Eine Rechtsphilosophie des »kritischen Relativismus«: Kritische Auseinandersetzung mit der Rechtsphilosophie Max Ernst Mayers’ [1923–24] / ‘Das Logische im Recht’ [1928] / ‘Metaphysik und Rechtsphilosophie’ [1929] / ‘Reine Rechtslehre, Naturrecht und Rechtspositivismus’ [1931] / ‘Geschichte der Rechtswissenschaften in Ungarn’ [1932] / ‘Les diverses sources du droit, leur équilibre et leur hiérarchie dans le système juridique hongrois’ [1932] / ‘Soziologie und Rechtsphilosophie’ [1934] / ‘Creazione e applicazione del diritto’ [1934] / ‘Recht und Gewohnheitsrecht: Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Hans Mokre und zugleich ein Beitrag zur Theorie des Rechts und des Gewohnheitsrechts’ [1934] / ‘Das Problem des Naturrechts’ [1935] / ‘Reine Rechtslehre: Randbemerkungen zum neuesten Werk Kelsens’ [1935] / ‘»Das Wesen der Philosophie« nach Pauler’ [1936] / ‘Öffentliches und privates Recht’ [1938] / ‘Das Rechtssystem’ [1939] / ‘Des Wissenschafts-Charakter der Jurisprudenz’ [1940] / ‘Sulla questione delle lacune nel diritto’ [1941] / ‘Recht und Gesellschaft’ [1942] / ‘Tuka’s Rechtsphilosophie’ [1943] / ‘Was ist Rechtsphilosophie?’ [1943]

VARGA: Transition? To Rule of Law? (2008)

October 25, 2010 Leave a comment

Transition? To Rule of Law? Constitutionalism and Transitional Justice Challenged in Central & Eastern Europe (Pomáz: Kráter 2008) 292 [PoLíSz sorozat könyvei 7]

TOWARDS A TRANSITION TO RULE OF LAW   Radical Change and Unbalance of Law in a Central Europe under the Rule of Myths, not of Law [1996] / Legal Scholarship at the Threshold of a New Millennium in the Central and Eastern European Region [1997] /  Rule of Law: Imperfectly Realised, or Perfected without Realisation? [2000] / Rule of Law – at the Crossroads of Challenges [2001] / Rule of Law, or the Dilemma of an Ethos: to be Gardened or Mechanicised [2007]

THE BURDEN OF THE PAST   Why Having Failed in Facing with the Past? [2003] / Creeping Renovation of Law through Constitutional Judiciary? [2005] / What Has Happened and What Is Happening ever Since (To the Memory of Deportations to Forced Labour Camps at Hortobágy) [2005] / 1956 Judged by Ethics and Law, or the Moral Unity of the Law’s Responsiveness as a Post-totalitarian Dilemma [2006]

PERSPECTIVES   Failed Crusade: American Self-confidence, Russian Catastrophe [2002] / “Radical Evil” on Trial [2002] / Rule of Law between the Scylla of Imported Patterns and the Charybdis of Actual Realisations (The Experience of Lithuania) [2004]

WHAT CAN BE HOPED FOR NOW?   In Bondage of Paradoxes, or Deadlock at the Peak of the Law we have Created for Ourselves [2007] / At the Crossroads of Civil Obedience and Civil Disobedience [2007]