Archive for the ‘History of Law’ Category

Csaba VARGA: Transition? To Rule of Law?; Constitutionalism and Transitional Justice Challenged in Central & Eastern Europe (2008)

March 12, 2012 Leave a comment

Transition? To Rule of Law? Constitutionalism and Transitional Justice Challenged in Central & Eastern Europe (Pomáz: Kráter 2008) 292 [PoLíSz sorozat könyvei 7]

TOWARDS A TRANSITION TO RULE OF LAW   Radical Change and Unbalance of Law in a Central Europe under the Rule of Myths, not of Law [1996] / Legal Scholarship at the Threshold of a New Millennium in the Central and Eastern European Region [1997] /  Rule of Law: Imperfectly Realised, or Perfected without Realisation? [2000] / Rule of Law – at the Crossroads of Challenges [2001] / Rule of Law, or the Dilemma of an Ethos: to be Gardened or Mechanicised [2007]

THE BURDEN OF THE PAST   Why Having Failed in Facing with the Past? [2003] / Creeping Renovation of Law through Constitutional Judiciary? [2005] / What Has Happened and What Is Happening ever Since (To the Memory of Deportations to Forced Labour Camps at Hortobágy) [2005] / 1956 Judged by Ethics and Law, or the Moral Unity of the Law’s Responsiveness as a Post-totalitarian Dilemma [2006]

PERSPECTIVES   Failed Crusade: American Self-confidence, Russian Catastrophe [2002] / “Radical Evil” on Trial [2002] / Rule of Law between the Scylla of Imported Patterns and the Charybdis of Actual Realisations (The Experience of Lithuania) [2004]

WHAT CAN BE HOPED FOR NOW?   In Bondage of Paradoxes, or Deadlock at the Peak of the Law we have Created for Ourselves [2007] / At the Crossroads of Civil Obedience and Civil Disobedience [2007]

Csaba VARGA: Codification as a Socio-Historical Phenomenon (1991/2011)

October 25, 2010 Leave a comment

Codification as a Socio-historical Phenomenon [1991] 2nd {reprint} ed. with an Annex & Postscript (Budapest: Szent István Társulat 2011) viii + 431



II. EARLY FORMS OF CODIFICATION: ANTIQUITY   1. Reform of Customs and their Recording in Early Antiquity, 2. Compilation of Laws by Later Codes, 3. General Features of Ancient Codification, 4. Conclusion

III. EARLY FORMS OF CODIFICATION: THE MIDDLE AGES   1. Codes of the Mediaeval Empires, 2. Codifications of Feudal Division, 3. Experiments in Sbustituting Customary Law by Statutory Law in the Age of Centralization, 4. General Features of Mediaeval Codification, 5. Conclusion

IV. CODIFICATION TRENDS IN THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENED ABSOLUTISM   1. Emergence of the Concept of Codification Qualitatively Reshaping the Law, 2. Partial Codifications in France, 3. Successful Codifications Unifying the Law [a) Codification of Bureacratic Patronage in Prussia, b) Systematic Codification in Austria], 4. Consolidation of Law as a Substitute for Codification in Russia, 5. Conclusion

V. CLASSICAL TYPE OF CODIFICATION: CONTINENTAL CODES IN THE SERVICE OF BOURGEOIS TRANSFORMATION   1. Inadequacy of Codification under Enlightened Abolutism, 2. The French Revolution and the Evolution of the Classical Type of Codification [a) Pre-Revolutionary Roots, b) Formation of the Code civil], 3. Late Bourgeois Codes [a) Codification of the Aborted Revolution in Germany, b) The Law-Unifying Code of Monopoly Capitalism in Switzerland], 4. The Consummation of Continental Codification, 5. The Non-Recurrent Nature of Bourgeois Codification, 6. Conclusion

VI. ATTEMPTS AT CODIFICATION: COMMON LAW SYSTEMS   1. Early English Development, 2. The Development of Codification in 19th-Century England, 3. Unifying Codification in British India, 4. Codification and British Law Export to the Colonies, 5. Primitivized Law Adaptation in the American Colonies, 6. Codes as a Means of Founding a New State, 7. Special Aspects of Codification in Common Law Systems, 8. Stubstitutes for Codification in Common Law Development, 9. Conclusion

VII. STRIVING FOR CODIFICATION: AFRO–ASIAN SYSTEMS   1. The Complexity of Afro–Asian Legal Development, 2. Codification of Islamic Law, 3. Codification as a Means of Substituting Tribal Costums, 4. Codification in the Modernized Afro–Asian Societies, 5. Conclusion

VIII. NEW AMBITIONS IN CODIFICATION: SOCIALIST LAW   1. The Soviet-Russian Experience, 2. Re-Codification Attempts in the Soviet Union, 3. Codification in the Satellite Countries, 4. Re-Codification in Socialist Law, 5. Conclusion


IX. POSSIBILITY OF A GENERAL CONCEPT OF CODIFICATION   1. Unity of the Historical Manifestations of the Codification Phenomenon, 2. The Concept of Codification Development, 3. The Concept of Codification

X. RATIONALIZATION AS THE MOTIVE FORCE BEHIND CODIFICATION DEVELOPMENT   1. Rationality and Social Development, 2. Rationalization of Law in the History of Codification, 3. Utopias of Rationality in the Development of the Idea of Codification

XI. TYPES OF CODIFICATION IN CODIFICATION DEVELOPMENT   1. Functional Types of Codification, 2. Codification as a Quantitative and as a Qualitative Treatment of the Law, 3. The Common Core of Codification Phenomenon





CODIFICATION ON THE THRESHOLD OF THE THIRD MILLENNIUM [2002]   I. Codification Now   1. With Ethos Changed, 2. Undermined by Disappointment   II. Structural and Functional Perspectives   3. Systemicity as the Core Element, 4. Challenge by the European Union, 5. The Issue of Convergence   III. Historical Revision   6. Reconsidering Early Past, 7. Reconsidering Late Modernity, 8. Transubstantiation of the Code-based Function   IV. Postscript   9. With a Methodological Conclusion, 10. Arriving at a Crossroads Again

Csaba VARGA: Law and Philosophy; Selected Papers in Legal Theory (1994)

October 25, 2010 Leave a comment

Law and Philosophy Selected Papers in Legal Theory (Budapest: ELTE “Comparative Legal Cultures” Project 1994) xi + 530 [Philosophiae Iuris]

papers (20 in English, 5 in German and 2 in French) spanning from 1970 to 1992:

LAW AS PRACTICE   ‘La formation des concepts en sciences juridiques’ [1970] / ‘Geltung des Rechts – Wirksamkeit des Rechts’ [1978] / ‘Macrosociological Theories of Law’ [1983] / ‘Law & its Inner Morality’ [1984] / ‘The Law & its Limits’ [1985]   LAW AS TECHNIQUE   ‘Domaine »externe« & domaine »interne« en droit’ [1983] / ‘Die ministerielle Begründung’ [1977] / ‘The Preamble’ [1970] / ‘Presumption & Fiction’ [1988] / ‘Legal Technique’ [1988]   LAW AS LOGIC   ‘Moderne Staatlichkeit und modernes formales Recht’ [1982] / ‘Heterogeneity & Validity of Law’ [1986] / ‘Leibniz & die Frage der rechtlichen Systembildung’ [1973] / ‘Law & its Approach as a System’ [1975] / ‘Logic of Law & Judicial Activity’ [1982] / ‘Kelsen’s Pure Theory of Law’  [1988] / ‘The Nature of the Judicial Application of Norms’ [1992]   LAW AS EXPERIENCE   ‘The Socially Determined Nature of Legal Reasoning’ [1971] / ‘The Ontological Foundation of Law’ [1983] / ‘Is Law a System of Enactments?’ [1984] / ‘The Uniqueness of National Legal Cultures’ [1992] / ‘Institutions as Systems’ [1991]   LAW AS HISTORY   ‘From Legal Customs to Legal Folkways’ [1981] / ‘Anthropological Jurisprudence?’ [1985] / ‘Law as a Social Issue’ [1985] / ‘Law as History?’ [1986] / ‘Rechtskultur – Denkkultur’ [1988]

Csaba VARGA: Études en philosophie du droit / Estudios en filosofia del derecho (1994)

October 24, 2010 Leave a comment

Études en philosophie du droit / Estudios en filosofia del derecho (Budapest: ELTE “Comparative Legal Cultures” Project 1994) xii + 332 [Philosophiae Iuris]

papers in Latinic languages (10 in French and 3 in Spanish) spanning from 1967 to 1990:

‘Documents de Kelsen en Hongrie (Hans Kelsen & Julius Moór)’ [1987] / ‘Quelques problèmes de la définition du droit dans la théorie socialiste du droit’ [1967] / ‘Lénine & la création révolutionnaire du droit’ [1969] / ‘La séparation des pouvoirs (Idéologie & utopie dans la pensée politique)’ [1984] / ‘Les bases sociales du raisonnement juridique’ [1971] / ‘Quelques questions méthodologiques de la formation des concepts en sciences juridiques’ [1970] / Algunas cuestiones metodológicas de la formación de los conceptos en ciencias jurídicas [1970] / ‘La question de la rationalité formelle en droit’ [1978] / ‘Chose juridique & réification en droit’ [1978] / ‘Teórias macrosociológicas del derecho’ [1983] / ‘Domaine »externe« & domaine »interne« en droit’ [1983] / ‘Technique juridique’ [1988] / ‘Présomption’ [1988] / ‘Fiction’ [1988] / ‘La moralité intérieure du droit’ [1984] / ‘Reflexiones arcerca del derecho y sua moralidad interna’ [1984] / ‘Le droit en tant qu’histoire’ [1986]

Чаба VARGA: Право; Теория и философия (1994)

October 24, 2010 1 comment

Papers in Slavic languages  (10 in Russian, 3 in Czech, 2 in Serbian and 1 in Polish) spanning from 1974 to 1991:

‘Zásadní otázky vývoje a současnosti kodifikace právních institutů’ [1975] / ‘Изменение общества и права и вопросы кодификации’ [1973] / ‘Rozwoj prawa a jego kodyfikacja’ [1973] / ‘Систематизация и кодификация законодательства’ [1979] / ‘Взаимосвязь правотворчества и прaвоприменения’ [1978] / ‘Ленин и револуционное законодательство’ [1969] / ‘Завершение сoциалистической кодификации’ [1975] / ‘Ministerske oduvodneni a jeho uloha ve zprostredkovani pravnich hodnot’ [1977] / ‘Preambule – otazka pravní vědy’ [1970] / ‘За самостоятелность правовой политики’ [1985] / ‘Теоретическое содержание права как надстройки’ [1986] / ‘Појам права у Лукачевој онтологији’ [1977] / ‘Диалектика развития правовых инструментов: Презумпция / Фикция’ [1986] / ‘Раздeлeние властей – идеология и утопия в политической мысли’ [1984] / ‘Право как история’ [1986] / ‘Слобода, једнакост и појмовни минимум правие комуникације’ [1989]