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Csaba VARGA: Paradigms of Legal Thinking (1999/2012)

March 12, 2012 Leave a comment

The Paradigms of Legal Thinking [1999] enlarged 2nd ed. (Budapest: Szent István Társulat 2012) 418 [Philosophiae Iuris]

1. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS

2. METHODOLOGICAL DIRECTIONS IN THINKING (2.1. The example of legal development [2.1.1. Classical Greek antiquity, 2.1.2. Roman legal development {2.1.2.1. The dikaion-period, 2.1.2.2. Praetorian law. 2.1.2.3. Justinian’s codification]}, 2.1.3. Enlightened absolutism, 2.1.4. The codificational ideal of the Code civil, 2.1.5. Turning point in the way of thinking], 2.2. The example of geometry [2.2.1. Euclidean geometry, 2.2.2. Challenge by Bolyai and Lobachevsky, 2.2.3. Einstein’s revolution], 2.3. The example of thinking [2.3.1. Autonomy {2.3.1.1. New Testament argumentation, 2.3.1.2. Cicero’s testimony, 2.3.1.3. Saint Augustine, 2.3.1.4. The Talmudic lesson, 2.3.1.5. Orthodox Christianity, 2.3.1.6. Modern “irrationalism”, 2.3.1.7. Beyond conceptual strait-jackets, 2.3.1.8. Patterns of thought, patterns of law}, 2.3.2. Heteronomy {2.3.2.1. Saint Thomas Aquinas, 2.3.2.2. Grotius, 2.3.2.3. Leibniz}, 2.3.3. The dilemma of the evolution of thought)

3. SCIENCE-THEORETICAL QUESTIONS RAISED BY THE PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY

4. PARADIGMS OF THINKING (4.1. The paradigm of paradigms [4.1.1. Conventionality, 4.1.2. Cultural dependence, 4.1.3. The nature of paradigms], 4.2. The basic notions of “fact”, “concept”, “logic”, and “thinking” [4.2.1. The need for a change of paradigms, 4.2.2. The false alternative of objectivism and subjectivism, 4.2.3. What are facts?, 4.2.4. What are notions?], 4.3. Dilemmas of conceptualising the norm)

5. DILEMMAS OF MEANING (5.1. Theories of meaning [5.1.1. Lexicality, 5.1.2. Contextuality, 5.1.3. Hermeneutics, 5.1.4. Open texture, 5.1.5. Deconstructionism], 5.2. Social construction of meaning [5.2.1. Speech-acts, 5.2.2. Social institutionalisation], 5.3. Autopoiesis and systemic response)

6. PARADIGMS OF LEGAL THINKING (6.1. The nature of law [6.1.1. Law as process, 6.1.2. Multifactorality, 6.1.3. Law as made up from acts], 6.2. The nature of legal thinking)

7. CONCLUDING THOUGHTS

Appendix I. LAW AND ITS APPROACH AS A SYSTEM (I.1. The logical structure of law as a historical product, I.2. Tendencies of formal rationalization in legal development)

Appendix II. IS LAW A SYSTEM OF ENACTMENTS? (II.1. Working models of law, II.2. Senses of contextuality in law, II.3. Jurisprudential approach and socio-ontological approach, II.4. Conclusions [II.4.1. Law as historical continuum, II.4.2. Law as open system, II.4.3. Law as complex phenomenon with alternative strategies, II.4.4. Law as an irreversible process, II.4.5. The genuinely societal character of law])

Appendix III. INSTITUTIONS AS SYSTEMS (III.1. A logic of systems, III.2. Ideal types and historically concrete manifestations, III.3. Ideal type as a normative ideology, III.4. Objectivity and contingency of systems, III.5. Limits and bonds, consequentiality and practicability of a system)

Appendix IV. LEGAL TECHNIQUE (IV.1. Legal technique {IV.1.1. [In a broader sense], IV.1.2. [In legal practice], IV.1.3. [In legal scholarship], IV.1.4. [Law as a special technique]}, IV.2. On legal technique {IV.2.1. Definition and function, IV.2.2. Legal technique and legal cultures, IV.2.3. Postulates of legal technique in the cultures of modern formal law})

Appendix V. THE INHERENT AMBIVALENCE OF A RATIONAL APPROACH (Is the human fullness of being to be destroyed as a price of progress?)

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Csaba VARGA: Law and Philosophy; Selected Papers in Legal Theory (1994)

October 25, 2010 Leave a comment

Law and Philosophy Selected Papers in Legal Theory (Budapest: ELTE “Comparative Legal Cultures” Project 1994) xi + 530 [Philosophiae Iuris]

papers (20 in English, 5 in German and 2 in French) spanning from 1970 to 1992:

LAW AS PRACTICE   ‘La formation des concepts en sciences juridiques’ [1970] / ‘Geltung des Rechts – Wirksamkeit des Rechts’ [1978] / ‘Macrosociological Theories of Law’ [1983] / ‘Law & its Inner Morality’ [1984] / ‘The Law & its Limits’ [1985]   LAW AS TECHNIQUE   ‘Domaine »externe« & domaine »interne« en droit’ [1983] / ‘Die ministerielle Begründung’ [1977] / ‘The Preamble’ [1970] / ‘Presumption & Fiction’ [1988] / ‘Legal Technique’ [1988]   LAW AS LOGIC   ‘Moderne Staatlichkeit und modernes formales Recht’ [1982] / ‘Heterogeneity & Validity of Law’ [1986] / ‘Leibniz & die Frage der rechtlichen Systembildung’ [1973] / ‘Law & its Approach as a System’ [1975] / ‘Logic of Law & Judicial Activity’ [1982] / ‘Kelsen’s Pure Theory of Law’  [1988] / ‘The Nature of the Judicial Application of Norms’ [1992]   LAW AS EXPERIENCE   ‘The Socially Determined Nature of Legal Reasoning’ [1971] / ‘The Ontological Foundation of Law’ [1983] / ‘Is Law a System of Enactments?’ [1984] / ‘The Uniqueness of National Legal Cultures’ [1992] / ‘Institutions as Systems’ [1991]   LAW AS HISTORY   ‘From Legal Customs to Legal Folkways’ [1981] / ‘Anthropological Jurisprudence?’ [1985] / ‘Law as a Social Issue’ [1985] / ‘Law as History?’ [1986] / ‘Rechtskultur – Denkkultur’ [1988]